The project by Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) is a proposal to create an integrated transportation hub for the 21st century with new civic spaces enveloped by nature.
The architects were awarded first rank in the international architectural design competition for the redevelopment of the Vilnius Railway Station Complex and surrounding area for its ‘Green Connect’ proposal. The proposal creates an integrated transportation hub for the 21st century with new civic spaces enveloped by nature.
Integral to the city’s ongoing sustainability agenda that prioritizes pedestrians and cyclists, the proposal incorporates a new public bridge over the railway tracks that connects the Naujininkai district to the south with the city centre and Vilnius old town; transforming the existing rail infrastructure from being a barrier that divides the city into a connector that unites Vilnius and serves as a transport hub for national and local rail services in addition to the new Rail Baltic line that links with Europe’s high-speed network.
The renovation and reuse of the original station creates a new 9,500m2 concourse bridge that is a contemporary reinterpretation informed by the existing heritage building. The composition of the station’s new bridge gradually transforms along its length; from the pitched roof defined by the existing neoclassical station’s triangular pediment into softer geometries and volumes that reduce in scale to land at Pelosos Street in the Naujininkai district. A linear skylight along the length of the bridge and glazed facades over the railway tracks provide natural light and intuitive navigation through the concourse.
Removing the temporary kiosks and offices installed over recent decades, the clarity of the existing 9,000m2 station is restored and linked with a new public transport terminal for the city’s bus networks. Designed as an inhabited landscape within the upgraded Stoties Square Park in front of the station, the terminal’s outdoor amphitheatre and ramp lead to a public terrace on its roof.
Relocating the existing car parking in Stoties Square to a new underground facility, the square and its adjacent park will become a vibrant civic space for the city with over 300 new trees and 4,000m2 of landscaping including the creation of tree-lined avenues along its main axes and water gardens for the natural collection, filtration and purification of rainwater.
The new concourse bridge is 46m wide and spans 150m across the railway platforms. Supported 10m above the tracks, the fluid forms of the bridge’s roof structure and the terraced landscape of the bus terminal are constructed in locally-sourced laminated timber that is lightweight, fire resistant and incorporates low embodied carbon.
Nature-based solutions are integral to the design. Green roofs, landscaping and planting will lower temperatures in summer and provide heat insulation in the winter. Creating an interconnected series of natural habitats within the city, these urban green spaces are easily accessible and can be enjoyed by communities throughout the year to enhance wellbeing and interaction.
The design also incorporates energy production technologies and depolluting strategies to improve air quality within its adjacent neighbourhoods. Annual solar radiation analysis has defined the facades to maximise sunlight within its interiors in winter and reduce glare in the summer. This analysis also determined the positioning of photovoltaic panels for optimum efficiency.
Project: Vilnius Railway Station, Vilnius, Lithuania
Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA)
Design: Patrik Schumacher
ZHA Director: Gianluca Racana
ZHA Project Directors: Ludovico Lombardi Michele Salvi
ZHA Project Associate: Davide del Giudice
ZHA Project Team: Alexandra Fisher, Jose Navarrete Deza, Maria Lagging, Richard Maekallas, May Harper
ZHA Sustainability Team: Carlos Bausa Martinez, Megan Smylie, Taras Kashko; Vera Kichanova
Consultants: CLOUD architektai (Local Executive Architect), Sweco Lietuva UAB (Engineers), LAND srl (Landscape Architect)